Society has evolved with digitization. With the changing digital population in India, every microsecond online services and companies are revised. Technology, combined with sizable online information mines, has overpowered the boundaries of the standard business industries. The industry is changing every day as an ecosystem- health care, fitness, music, and fashion, e-commerce, travel, finance, software solutions, the arts, films, etc. The values of these industries’ businesses are no longer restricted to the selling and purchase of vanilla or a single model of service.
It is a legal agreement that describes what personal data you gather from website visitors, how you can use this information, how you manage it, and whether you have enough means and strategy to safeguard data.
Data Protection Laws in India
Data Protection is defined as the set of privacy laws, policies, and processes that aim to decrease intrusion into one’s privacy caused by the collection, storage, and broadcast of personal data. Personal data usually refers to the information or data which is related to a person who can be identified from that information or data whether gathered by any Government or any private organization or an agency.
Data security relates to the collection, storage, and broadcast of personal information in a set of privacy policies, processes, and laws that mitigate intrusion into one’s privacy. Personal data generally is related to data and information related to a person who may be easily identified with the given information by any entity, government, or private.
The government alerted the Information Technology Rules, 2011. The Rules which are discussed upon the prevention of “sensitive personal or personal information of a person,” involving personal information consisting of –
– Email IDs and Associated Passwords
– Banking and Financial information
– Credit/debit card number, Bank account number, or other payment instrument details;
– Health condition – Physical, physiological, and otherwise.
– Person’s sexual orientation;
– History of medical records and history;
– Biometric information.
The rules build the appropriate security practices and processes to be followed when dealing with “personally sensitive information” by the body to incorporate or anyone who collects, receives, owns, stores, distributes, or handles information. In the case of any disruption, the corporate entity or any other individual acting by the virtue of the company may be held responsible for harm to the affected person.
Due to the increasing growth of the digital population in India, data privacy and data security are currently important questions. When browsing the Internet every internet user forgets his digital footprints in the form of personal data. This could range from giving their IP address, mobile number, name, or private and sensitive details such as their sexual orientation and medical records, etc. intentionally or unintentionally. It makes internet users exposed to crimes such as privacy violations, identity robbery, and financial crimes.